Brief history of the red Californian worm

Brief history of the red Californian worm

Since ancient Egypt, the red worms, later called Red Californian worms were considered to be extremely valuable species. Therefore anyone who dared to take out even a single worm from the kingdom was punished with severe penalties – even death. The ancient people knew that fertility in the Nile River Delta is due to the silent work of these marvelous creatures.

The first deep research of reproduction and life of the Red Californian worm are from 1837 by Charles Darwin. He spends a long time doing researches until he reach to the impressive conclusion that if there were not the worms, the Planet Earth would be identical to the moon.

The idea of industrial breeding of Red Californian worms belongs to the American doctor Barret. He bred worms in order to increase soil fertility in his farm. Barret realized that any organic waste is suitable for food for the worms, which he raised in wooden crates. After carrying out research and experiments, he remains impressed by their fertility (reproductive ability) and published his work in 1947.

Meanwhile in California Agricultural University started a program for the use of the worms in agriculture, in response to numerous requests of farmers, fishermen, producers of flowers and vegetables. Several years later, the US government regulated subsidies and other measures to support anyone who wants to grow Red Californian worms. In 1979 there are more than 1500 farms for breeding Red Californian worms, which production (the humus) is used for treatment and cultivation of contaminated soil.

Author: Vasil Aleksov

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