What is the organic matter for the soil ?

What is the organic matter for the soil ?

From all components of the soil, organic matter is perhaps the most important. The organic matter in the soil is a source of nutrients and water. It also helps keeping oxygen inside and water seeping in the soil. And yet it is often ignored and neglected. We usually think that plant and animal waste is organic matter. We see a pile of leaves, manure or some parts of plant and we think – “Wow, what a quantity of organic matter!”  But in fact, this is simply not true. This is an organic material, not an organic matter! The organic material is something live and is either inside or on the top of the soil. In order to convert into organic matter, it should be decomposed into humus. The humus itself is an organic material, which is processed by microorganisms to a steady state in the soil. The organic material is not as resistant in the soil, as it is a subject of decomposition and deformation. When it is processed by the red Californian worms then become organic matter, which is a stable substance (According to research, only 5 % of it mineralize). This process might be intensified when suitable conditions are provided.  Earthworms are organisms with the largest capacity in the decomposition of organic material. That is why they are so valuable and are selected and bred in huge quantities (example is the red California worm).
Organic matter is a reservoir of soil nutrients. The main source of macro and micronutrients are the plants. Conservation and protection of healthy and fertile soil is a long process and we believe that it should be a primary mission of humanity.

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